منابع

تمام ارجاعات داده شده در سراسر متن بايستي در اين قسمت نوشته شود . هم چنين تمام منابع فهرست شده در اين قسمت بايد در مقاله شما وجود داشته باشد .هيچ مرجع علمي را در اين قسمت وارد نکنيد مگر اينکه در طول مقاله شما به آن اشاره شده باشد . اين قسمت به اين منظور طراحي شده است که به خواننده اجازه مي دهد که بداند درکجا منبع علمي مورد استفاده شما را بيابد . اين قسمت را در يک صفحه جديد شروع کنيد .
1- کلمه منابع را در خط بالا و در وسط تايپ کنيد
2- منابع خود را بر اساس ترتيب حروف الفباي نام خانوادگي نويسنده يا گروه نويسندگان سازمان دهي کنيد ( از نويسنده اول در مطالعه استفاده کنيد )

Anderson, R. T. (2000).
Arizona State University. (1999).

3- اگر بيش از يک مقاله توسط يک نويسنده استفاده مي کنيد منابع خود را بر اساس سال سازماندهي کنيد .
4- مقاله قديمي تر را اول بنويسيد .
5- نام انتشارات ( کتب ، مجلات ، …) و شماره مجله را ايتاليک  کنيد اما شماره مجلد يا صفحات  ايتاليک نباشد .

منابع

نمونه هايي از منابع نويسي

Book (Single Author)
Doe, T. (1987). Cognitive Processes. New York: Oxford Press.
Book (Multiple Authors)
Doe, T., & Nector, E. (1998). Suffering from depression. San Antonio: Green Publications.
Journal Article (Single Author)
Jackson, M. J. (1990). Treating anxiety among teenagers. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2,
99-118.
Journal Article (Multiple Authors)
Hammer, P. J., Dockson, I. N., & Beck, S. P. (1988). The effects of light on mood. Journal of
Holistic Health, 3(2), 199-213.
Journal Article (Six or more Authors)
Klein, M. M., Hill, J. R., Dugg, W. E., Tryn, O. P., & Grate, W. E., et al. (1998). Long-term
effects of second hand smoke. Journal of Health Psychology, 5, 23-54.
Newspaper Article
Poundstone, P. (1997). Why children are cool. Los Angeles Times, pp. B1, 4.
Magazine Article
Kaelyn, D. (1990, September). AIDS in Africa. Newsweek, 23, 33-45.
Brochure
Fanny May Foundation. (1992). How to Live Independently. [Brochure]. Fargo, ND: Author.
Style Guide 17
Motion picture
Include producer, writer, year of release, title of film, location and production company. Include
parenthesis and brackets.
Grazer, B. (Producer), & Howard, R. (Director). (2002). A beautiful mind [Motion
Picture]. United States: Dreamworks.
Music Recording Form
Include the writer, date of copyright, title of song (recorded by artist if different from writer, the
album [medium of recording: CD, cassette, record, etc.], location and label, (also recording date
if different from copyright date).
Thomas, R. (2000). You’re gone [Recorded by Matchbox Twenty]. On Mad Season
[CD]. United States: Atlantic.
World Wide Web References
When doing a literature search on the internet and you are able to view a full text document, or if
you request an article through the library, you do not need to use this format. If using an article
from an internet-only journal (APA-online journals), use this format. When referencing internet
sources keep two things in mind:
– Direct readers as closely as possible to the information being cited. When possible
cite documents rather than web pages or home sites.
– Provide addresses that work.
Whenever possible identify the author of the web site.
Online Periodical
Smith, P. B. (2001, February 4). Developing anxiety reducing classrooms. [Electronic Version]
Journal of School Psychology, 4, Article 0001a. Retrieved October 24, 2001, from
http://journals.apa.org/school/volume4/pre0040001a.html
Online Document
Smith, P. B. (2002). The use of art in healing. Retrieved May, 3, 2002, from
http://www.healing.com

نمونه هايي از خلاصه نويسي

Page (pages)                                                      p. (pp.)
Editor (Editors)                                                 ed. (eds.)
Volume (Volumes)                                           Vol. (Vols.)
Chapter                                                              chap.
Degree of freedom                                             df
Frequency                                                           f
F-ratio                                                                 F
Mean                                                                  M
Total number in a sample                                   N
p-value                                                                 p
Standard deviation                                              SD
Computed value of a t-test                                    t
Analysis of Variance                                           ANOVA
Nonsignificant                                                      ns
SS

[schema type=”book” name=”راهنمای ارجاع نویسی به روش APA” author=”شاهین پارسا” ebook=”yes” ]

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